This is the cornerstone of treatment of this cancer. During the operation, the uterus (hysterectomy) and ovaries are removed. The pelvic and sometimes the para-aortic (higher group) lymph glands are removed during the surgery.
The surgery can be performed by open surgery (laparotomy) or by “key-hole” (laparoscopy) surgery, as appropriate.
If the cancer is at an early stage and has not spread, then surgery alone can be curative
Radiotherapy is a treatment that uses high-energy beams of radiation, which are focused on cancerous tissue. This kills cancer cells, or stops cancer cells from multiplying.
Radiotherapy alone can be curative for early stage endometrial cancer and may be an alternative to surgery if the patient is medically unfit for surgery. Often, radiotherapy is given to patient in addition to surgery.
Chemotherapy is a treatment of cancer by using anti-cancer drugs that kill cancer cells, or stop them from multiplying. Chemotherapy is increasingly becoming a standard treatment for advanced endometrial cancer.
4. Hormone treatments
Progesterone may slow down the growth of the cancer cells in selected patients. This treatment is considered more often in cases where the cancer has spread from the uterus to other parts of the body.